In this article, I will teach you the best configuration of Raspberry Pi 4. Let’s started, you’ll need to install a working system on your Pi as well as a GUI if you want a point-and-click interface instead of only interacting with your Pi via a terminal window.
These instructions are for beginners who don’t want to connect a keyboard and a mouse directly to the Raspberry Pi. Instead, we’ll walk you through how to connect a PC on your network to a Raspberry Pi connected to your router by way of an ethernet cord. You’ll be able to totally do this!
When you follow these steps, you’ll end up with a Raspberry Pi running a port of Debian with the Raspberry Pi Desktop that you can access by way of Remote Desktop. These instructions are optimized for the Raspberry Pi 4 however must also work with other versions of the Pi.
Here are Complete Guide Raspberry Pi 4 – 2021
- How to Install and Configure Raspberry Pi4
How to Install and Configure Raspberry Pi4
Firstly Hardware You Will Need
1. Raspberry Pi 4.
2. SD card. The card should be at least a class 10 and the quickest one you can get your hands on, ideally a V90 UHS-II.
3. SD card reader for your computer, pc.
4. Ethernet cord to connect the Raspberry Pi to your router.
5. A way to supply power to your Raspberry Pi. You can use power over ethernet Pi HAT if you have power over an ethernet switch that can provide power to the Pi. If you don’t have a switch like that, get an official Raspberry Pi 4 USB-C power supply instead.
Suggestion: Buying a knock-off power supply or using one you’ve lying around is a recipe for failure. It’s one of the common and impossible-to-track-down issues—a power supply that isn’t beefy enough. (If you go the Pi Hat route, you’ll need a case that accommodates the hat.) If you don’t have a case, just remember to don’t touch any metal while you’re handling the Pi. Better yet, simply get a case.
Download These Two Programs to Your PC
Install and Launch Raspberry Pi Imager
1. Open the Raspberry Pi Imager executable, imager_1.5.exe.
2. Select your operating system (Raspberry Pi OS) and the location of your SD card. Then select Write.
Depending on how your SD card reader is connected to your pc, this might take some time, so be patient while it installs. Possibly find something else to do for a bit.
Create a File Called SSH
1. First Launch the file explorer on your PC by pressing the Windows Key + E. Set it to show file extensions by selecting View and making sure the box is checked next to File name extensions.
2. Right-click and select New > Text Document.
3. Rename the file you created to ssh. Delete the extension from the filename.
Transfer the SD Card to Your Raspberry Pi 4
1. Eject the SD card from your PC’s card reader.
2. Insert the SD card into the Pi.
3. Now Connect the Pi to your router through an ethernet cord. (You can also set it up to connect through WiFi, however, for now, we’ll use a wired connection.)
Find Your Pi’s IP Address and Install Your xrdp
1. Extract the Adafruit-Pi-Finder zip file that you simply downloaded in step 2 to your computer. This app will assist you to find the IP address of the Raspberry Pi on your network.
2. Run the Adafruit-Pi-Finder executable, pifinder.exe.
3. Select the Find My Pi button. Results may take a while to appear. Once they do, copy the IP address from the IP address field, and save it somewhere safe. We’ll use that IP address later to connect with your Pi from your PC.
4. Next, select Terminal. We’ll change the password later, so for now use the default username pi and the default password raspberry.
5. A terminal window will open.
6. Now we’ll download and install xrdp software program to the Raspberry Pi which can help you connect with your Raspberry Pi’s desktop from a Windows machine. In the terminal window, type the following command: Sudo apt-get install xrdp and press Enter.
7. The installer will most likely ask you if you want to continue after telling you how much additional disk space will be used. Type y and press enter.
Connect to the Pi with Remote Desktop and Change the Pi’s Password
1. Run Remote Desktop Connection on your Windows laptop and paste or type within the IP address of your Raspberry Pi.
2. Select Connect.
3. A warning message will appear. Select Yes.
4. A remote desktop window will launch. Type your username, pi, and the default Pi password, raspberry.
5. Select OK.
6. Tada! You will see a message welcoming you to the Raspberry Pi Desktop!
7. Select the Next button to proceed.
8. Choose your country, language, and timezone.
9. Click Next.
10.Now it’s time to vary the default password to your Pi. Kind in your new password twice. (Don’t neglect to reserve it someplace! Use a password supervisor! Should you lose your Pi’s password, you’re in for a world of hassle.)
11. Click on Next.
12. Set Up Display screen. “Tick the box below in case your display has a black border at the edges.” Press Next.
13. Select WiFi Network. You only have to complete this step when you intend on disconnecting your Pi’s ethernet from the router. Select Next or Skip.
14. Update Software program. Press Next.
15. Once the software program is updated, you’ll see a “system is up to date” message. Press OK.
16. Setup Complete! Select Restart so the new settings will take effect. The next time you use the Remote Desktop to connect with your Pi, you’ll be greeted with a fantastic Pi desktop.
Webs360 Tip: Never just unplug your Pi. Always power it down or you can damage your SD card. It’ll corrupt the memory, and also you’ll have to start over. Unplugging it may work a hundred times in a row, and then on the one hundred and first time, it’ll corrupt your memory. Stay safe!
If you successfully followed the steps above, you now have a Raspberry Pi 4 running an operating system with a graphical user interface that you would be able to connect with and interact with from another laptop through Remote Desktop. Now, all you must do is decide how to use it!
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